The same deadly virus that has caused a lockdown in one of the China’s most populous city, Wuhan, has now been reported in Rajasthan. According to reports by ANI, the suspected patient, a native of India’s Rajasthan has recently returned to India after completing MBBS from China. The suspected patient has been kept in the isolation ward under inspection in SMS Medical College Administration. Also, a complete screening of the family members will be conducted.
Not only this, as many as 18 people belonging to four different districts have returned to India from China recently. All of them have been kept under the constant inspection of the Chief Medical and Health Officers for a month to make sure the coronavirus, if present, could not spread to the rest.
All the samples collected from the suspected patients have been directed to Pune’s National Virology Laboratory for further testing.
What is Coronavirus?
First identified in 1960’s, the coronavirus got its name due to its crown-like structure under the microscope. It, in some cases can infect both animals and humans. Coronavirus can cause common cold, infection in upper throat, nose, sinuses. Although, the coronavirus is kind of a common virus but some types of coronavirus are fatal such as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) which has caused 774 death in 2003 and MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) which has cause 858 deaths in 2012 in the Middle East.
The most recent outbreak of coronavirus has been occurred in China’s one of the most populous city, Wuhan. Reportedly, hundreds of people have been infected and many have lost their lives so far.
Since, it is a new type of coronavirus, identified as 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by the World Health Organization (WHO), there is no cure of it right now. Although, many of the symptoms can be treated that can increase the survival chances of the patient.
The symptoms of most types of coronaviruses are similar that include runny nose, sore throat, upper respiratory infection and fever in some cases. According to WHO, the following are the symptoms of coronavirus:
- Shortness of Breath
- Difficulty in Breathing
- And, in severe cases, it can cause Pneumonia, kidney failure, SARS and even death.
When to See a Doctor
Until and unless you are anyone, or in contact with anyone who has recently traveled to China, gets cold, cough or fever then there is generally no need to worry and the same should be treated like normal without visiting the doctor. But, in the opposite case or if the symptom is persistent causing chest pain, difficulty breathing and illness then you must see the doctor without any delay.
How to Protect Yourself from Coronavirus
As we know the new type of coronavirus is deadly and no vaccine has been developed so far to treat the infection. Although, few simple precautions can keep you on the safer side and reduce the exposure and transmission of the virus.
- Wash your hand more frequently with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or with hot water and soap.
- Avoid rubbing eyes and face with your hands without washing them properly.
- Use a protective mask before going to a crowded place, as it is confirmed to be contagious and transfers from human to human.
- Avoid close contact, physical contact with anyone suffering from cold, cough or fever.
- Avoid direct unprotected contact with live animals while visiting live markets in affected areas.
- Do not eat raw or uncooked meat and handle the raw meat, milk and other animal products with care to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked food.